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Labouring Children: British Immigrant Apprentices to Canada, 1869-1924

Between 1868 and 1924, eighty thousand British children, most of them under fourteen, came to Canada to be apprenticed as agricultural labourers and domestic servants. All were unaccompanied by parents, although only one-third of them were orphans. Faced with separation from their families, having to undertake hard labour at an early age, and being treated as employees rather than adoptees, much of their childhood was lost. Their story is told in Labouring Children. This well-researched account is a significant resource for students of the history of childhood, immigration, and social welfare.
Written by Joy Parr. Published by University of Toronto Press, 1994.
0-8020-7443-X $21.95

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Last modified: September 14, 2000

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